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The successful management of biological waste in the workplace requires waste segregation, storage, and safe disposal.
Fremont, CA: Biomedical waste is highly hazardous and can cause serious, potentially fatal diseases; as a result, it is a global issue. To reduce the major health repercussions, biomedical waste management is critical.
Biomedical waste management has a huge influence since it may impair people's health & have major consequences for whoever comes into contact with it. The successful management of biological waste in the workplace requires waste segregation, storage, and safe disposal.
Removing the waste's detrimental effects is known as biomedical waste treatment. There are a variety of treatment techniques available to ensure waste management and disposal are as safe as possible, and it also helps protect the environment. The most common procedures for managing and purifying biological waste include incineration, autoclaving, irradiation, and chemical treatments.
It's a method of converting pathological and pharmaceutical waste into ash, flue gases, and heat. The temperature at which incineration should occur should be between 800 and 1400 degrees Celsius. It reduces the bulk of waste by 90-95 percent, resulting in fewer negative environmental effects.
These technologies, including gamma, electron-beam, ultraviolet, and X-rays, are now employed in waste treatment operations. Irradiation sterilizes trash in a closed room by exposing it to a radioactive cobalt-60 source that emits gamma rays that kill microorganisms. It is costly compared to other methods, and precautions must protect workers from harmful radiation effects such as cancer, radiation sickness, and even death.
It is a steam sterilization procedure that is the most frequent alternative to cremation. For 20-30 minutes, autoclaving requires a temperature of 121 degrees Celsius and a pressure of about 15 pounds per square inch (psi). The procedure is helpful to inactivate infectious pathogens and sterilize the equipment used in healthcare settings, and it is less costly and has no known negative health effects.
This treatment is commonly helpful to decontaminate liquid waste before it gets disposed of nearby. To convert waste into less harmful compounds, it employs a variety of processes such as oxidation, reduction, precipitation, and pH neutralization. Depending on the type of the waste, chlorine, sodium hydroxide, or calcium oxide can be employed.